4th European Climate Change Adaptation Conference (ECCA)

Date: 28–31 May 2019
Venue: Lisbon, Portugal
Picture from the JPI Climate Side event
Picture from the JPI Climate Side event

The 4th European Climate Change Adaptation Conference (ECCA, www.ecca2019.eu) was held from 28–31 May  2019 in Lisbon. At this biennial conference, results from projects receiving funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Framework Programme were presented.

This year, Dr. Carina Zang (ICWRGC, www.waterandchange.org) presented first results from the ongoing project CO-MICC in form of a poster together with colleagues from Goethe University, Frankfurt. The poster shows how the planned knowledge portal on climate change impacts on global water availability is co-developed with stakeholders and implemented.

Poster Download (PDF, 2 MB)

Mid-Term Meeting

Date: 07 March 2019
Venue: Goethe University, Frankfurt

The CO-MICC Mid-Term project meeting was held at the Goethe University in Frankfurt. CO-MICC team members from all partner institutions took part in this event to bring up recent findings and set the way forward from here for the next part of the journey. Meeting face to face with vivid and highly productive discussions on topics of current relevance – such as the selection of indicators for the planned knowledge portal – made this event a major landmark for the project.

Group Picture of the CO-MICC consortium at the Mid-Term Meeting
Group Picture of the CO-MICC consortium at the Mid-Term Meeting

Ebro Focus Region Workshop I

Date: 24-25 January 2019
Venue: Confederación Hidrográfica del Ebro, Zaragoza

The aim of the first stakeholder workshop in the Ebro focus region was to gain information on the needs and perceptions of stakeholders in adaptation planning with regard to the possibilities of multi-model based information.

Group picture of the Ebro Focus Region I Workshop
Group picture of the Ebro Focus Region I Workshop

Held at the Confederación Hidrográfica del Ebro, stakeholders from several government agencies and different research institutions took part along with a representative of the local irrigation community. After introducing the information to be generated by the multi-model ensemble in this project, we discussed the potential use and ways of presenting this information, including the co-construction of Bayesian network structures. As a key vector of showcasing this information, a first draft of the planned data portal was presented and discussed.

Due to the diverse backgrounds of the stakeholders involved, the discussions gave insight into various perspectives and problems they are facing in the wake of climate change impacts on water availability.

Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia (MAT) Focus Region Workshop I

Date: 12–13 November 2018
Venue: Le Mans University, France

The first Workshop of the CO-MICC stakeholder dialogue with stakeholders from Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia (MAT) took place in Le Mans in November 2018. The main aims were to gain an understanding of the possibilities of multi-model information and gathering information on the needs and perceptions of stakeholders in adaptation planning in MAT countries.

The first Workshop for the co-development of methods to utilize multi-model information on freshwater related hazards took place in the University of Le Mans in November 2018.

Several stakeholders from Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia (MAT) participated in this first workshop. One of the key aims was to gain an understanding of the possibilities of multi-model information. Together with the stakeholders, researchers from the CO-MICC team gathered information on the needs and perceptions of stakeholders in adaptation planning in MAT countries. First ideas for the design of the planned CO-MICC knowledge portal were presented and discussed.

Co-construction of Bayesian network structures was introduced to the stakeholders on the second day. In the CO-MICC project, this will be used as a basis to explore adaptation planning at the country scale.

Data Portal Group Meeting

Date: 15 October 2018
Venue: Kisters, Aachen, Germany

Together with the software designers from Kisters, the first designs for the planned data portal were discussed which will be presented during the first workshops

Interviews of Water and Climate-Change Experts in the Ebro Basin in Spain

Date: 17-28 September 2018
Venue: Tortosa, Barcelona, Girona, Zaragoza, Madrid, Avila

The CO-MICC team interviewed experts related to climate change and water resources in the Ebro basin and the surrounding area. The interviews focused on perceived risks, use of climate data and adaptation strategies. The outcomes of these interviews will be used to prepare the first stakeholder workshop in the focus region.

Travelling through various cities in the Ebro Basin and to Madrid, two scientists from the CO-MICC team interviewed key stakeholders in September 2018. Most of the interviewed stakeholders were employees of public authorities in the water and agriculture sector or of public research institutions experienced in working in the Ebro basin. In addition, forest managers as well as the national meteorological institution were interviewed.

When asked about experienced and perceived problems related to climate change impacts on water availability, many stakeholders mentioned political problems, land use changes and related water use conflicts, sediment transport, floods, and droughts.    

Another part of the interview focused on the current use of model data and climate change indicators by the corresponding institution. These results will be used to tailor specific user surfaces for the planned knowledge portal in CO-MICC.

All stakeholders were very interested in the project and willing to participate in the upcoming workshops.

Modelling Groups Meeting

Date: 4 August 2018
Venue: Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany

Model representatives of all 4 global hydrological models convened in Frankfurt the whole day of 24 August, 2018. They discussed the current results of the historical time period simulations. In addition, the simulation protocol was finalized (Milestone M1), and decisions for the implementation of the future time period simulations to be conducted next, were made.

CO-MICC Project Methodology Workshop

Date: 4-5 July 2018
Venue: Le Mans University, France

Within the scope of the activities of CO-MICC, the ESO-UMR 6590-CNRS laboratory organised a two-day methodology workshop in cooperation with the partners from the three Maghreb countries (MAT), held at the university of Le Mans, France, on 4-5 July 2018. This workshop aimed at getting to know the researchers and the fields of research for the years to come as well as working with a common methodology.

Within the scope of the activities of CO-MICC, researchers from the University of Le Mans organised a two-day methodology workshop in cooperation with the partners from the three Maghreb countries (Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia), held at the university of Le Mans, France.

This workshop aimed at getting to know the researchers and the fields of research for the years to come as well as working with a common methodology. The interviews of the stakeholders in charge of freshwater catchments in the selected basins were presented. A survey method based on the specific nature of the basins studied was discussed.

Scientists from Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco presented results from their focus catchments. Colleagues from the ESO laboratory participated as well and contributed their expertise to the scientific discussions.

A synthesis of the work has been implemented for using a common methodology, considering special characteristics depending on the territory and based on activities in the workshop. We were able to discuss and adopt a method for performing tests in the selected sites in Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco.

Interviews of Water and Climate-Change Experts in Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia

Date: May 2018
Venue: Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia

In May 2018, two scientists from the CO-MICC team interviewed 13 water and climate-change experts in Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia. A key result of the interviews was that the challenges facing the three countries are similar for the Mediterranean and Atlantic coast region in regard to their experiences with water shortage.

Interviewed experts came from national meteorological services, ministries concerned with water, national water supply agencies, basin agencies, university scientists and the civil society. The experts were very interested in participating in CO-MICC during the next two and a half years.

The situation in and challenges facing the three countries are similar for the Mediterranean and Atlantic coast region: they already experience considerable water shortage. Especially Algeria and Tunisia counter this by supplying additional water. Dams are already exploited to the maximum and will be strongly affected by climate change. Water transfers from dams to regions with less water availability are common (e.g. from the north to the centre in Tunisia, Algeria). A strategy to counter water shortage now and under worsening climate conditions is the use of non-conventional water resources (desalination plants, treated water reuse for agriculture, particularly in Tunisia and Algeria) and improved water efficiency (e.g. drip irrigation, notably in Morocco).

The impacts of climate change, such as extreme precipitation events and more frequent droughts and floods, are perceived as having been noticeable since the year 2000. At the same time, water demand is expected to increase in the future, due to population growth and a rising need for irrigation water. The situation looks different in southern Algeria and Tunisia: in the Sahara, water is used from the fossil aquifer SASS, which is not significantly impacted by climate change. Therefore, in CO-MICC we will focus on the Mediterranean and Atlantic coasts of the Maghreb, which are expected to be strongly affected by climate change.

The current availability of data to experts (also from climate models) varies widely, depending on their domain of work. So far, the use of data from hydrological models is not widespread. Most interview partners have time frames for their work until 2020 or 2050, only meteorological services use data until 2100. Designing perception graphs helped to summarize and visualize the content of the interviews. Experts’ perceptions and data needs will be further discussed in the workshop to be held in Le Mans in December.

Project meeting

Date: 22 June 2018
Venue: Video conference

The first project meeting with all project partners was held as a video conference in June. The main objectives included discussions on the outputs of the modelling group activities and the planning of the stakeholder workshops.