The 4th European Climate Change Adaptation Conference (ECCA, www.ecca2019.eu) was held from 28–31 May 2019 in Lisbon. At this biennial conference, results from projects receiving funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Framework Programme were presented.
This year, Dr. Carina Zang (ICWRGC, www.waterandchange.org) presented first results from the ongoing project CO-MICC in form of a poster together with colleagues from Goethe University, Frankfurt. The poster shows how the planned knowledge portal on climate change impacts on global water availability is co-developed with stakeholders and implemented.
Mid-Term project meeting was held at the Goethe University in Frankfurt.
CO-MICC team members from all partner institutions took part in this event to
bring up recent findings and set the way forward from here for the next part of
the journey. Meeting face to face with vivid and highly productive discussions on
topics of current relevance – such as the selection of indicators for the
planned knowledge portal – made this event a major landmark for the project.
Venue: Confederación Hidrográfica del Ebro, Zaragoza
The aim of
the first stakeholder workshop in the Ebro focus region was to gain information
on the needs and perceptions of stakeholders in adaptation planning with regard
to the possibilities of multi-model based information.
Held at the
Confederación Hidrográfica del Ebro, stakeholders from several government
agencies and different research institutions took part along with a
representative of the local irrigation community. After introducing the
information to be generated by the multi-model ensemble in this project, we
discussed the potential use and ways of presenting this information, including
the co-construction of Bayesian network structures. As a key vector of showcasing
this information, a first draft of the planned data portal was presented and
Due to the diverse
backgrounds of the stakeholders involved, the discussions gave insight into
various perspectives and problems they are facing in the wake of climate change
impacts on water availability.
first Workshop of the CO-MICC stakeholder dialogue with stakeholders from
Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia (MAT) took place in Le Mans in November 2018. The
main aims were to gain an understanding of the possibilities of multi-model
information and gathering information on the needs and perceptions of
stakeholders in adaptation planning in MAT countries.
first Workshop for the co-development of methods to utilize multi-model
information on freshwater related hazards took place in the University of Le
Mans in November 2018.
stakeholders from Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia (MAT) participated in this first
workshop. One of the key aims was to gain an understanding of the possibilities
of multi-model information. Together with the stakeholders, researchers from
the CO-MICC team gathered information on the needs and perceptions of
stakeholders in adaptation planning in MAT countries. First ideas for the
design of the planned CO-MICC knowledge portal were presented and discussed.
of Bayesian network structures was introduced to the stakeholders on the second
day. In the CO-MICC project, this will be used as a basis to explore adaptation
planning at the country scale.
The CO-MICC team interviewed experts
related to climate change and water resources in the Ebro basin and the
surrounding area. The interviews focused on perceived risks, use of climate
data and adaptation strategies. The outcomes of these interviews will be used
to prepare the first stakeholder workshop in the focus region.
Travelling through various cities in the Ebro
Basin and to Madrid, two scientists from the CO-MICC team interviewed key
stakeholders in September 2018. Most of the interviewed stakeholders were employees
of public authorities in the water and agriculture sector or of public research
institutions experienced in working in the Ebro basin. In addition, forest
managers as well as the national meteorological institution were interviewed.
When asked about experienced and perceived
problems related to climate change impacts on water availability, many stakeholders
mentioned political problems, land use changes and related water use conflicts,
sediment transport, floods, and droughts.
Another part of the interview focused on
the current use of model data and climate change indicators by the
corresponding institution. These results will be used to tailor specific user
surfaces for the planned knowledge portal in CO-MICC.
All stakeholders were very interested in
the project and willing to participate in the upcoming workshops.
representatives of all 4 global hydrological models convened in Frankfurt the
whole day of 24 August, 2018. They discussed the current results of the
historical time period simulations. In addition, the simulation protocol was
finalized (Milestone M1), and decisions for the implementation of the future
time period simulations to be conducted next, were made.
Within the scope
of the activities of CO-MICC, the ESO-UMR 6590-CNRS laboratory organised a
two-day methodology workshop in cooperation with the partners from the three
Maghreb countries (MAT), held at the university of Le Mans, France, on 4-5 July
2018. This workshop aimed at getting to know the researchers and the fields of
research for the years to come as well as working with a common methodology.
Within the scope
of the activities of CO-MICC, researchers from the University of Le Mans organised
a two-day methodology workshop in cooperation with the partners from the three
Maghreb countries (Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia), held at the university of Le
aimed at getting to know the researchers and the fields of research for the
years to come as well as working with a common methodology. The interviews of
the stakeholders in charge of freshwater catchments in the selected basins were
presented. A survey method based on the specific nature of the basins studied
Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco presented results from their focus catchments.
Colleagues from the ESO laboratory participated as well and contributed their
expertise to the scientific discussions.
A synthesis of
the work has been implemented for using a common methodology, considering
special characteristics depending on the territory and based on activities in
the workshop. We were able to discuss and adopt a method for performing tests
in the selected sites in Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco.
In May 2018, two scientists from the
CO-MICC team interviewed 13 water and climate-change experts in Algeria, Morocco
and Tunisia. A key result of the interviews was that the challenges facing the
three countries are similar for the Mediterranean and Atlantic coast region in
regard to their experiences with water shortage.
experts came from national meteorological services, ministries concerned with
water, national water supply agencies, basin agencies, university scientists
and the civil society. The experts were very interested in participating in
CO-MICC during the next two and a half years.
situation in and challenges facing the three countries are similar for the
Mediterranean and Atlantic coast region: they already experience considerable
water shortage. Especially Algeria and Tunisia counter this by supplying
additional water. Dams are already exploited to the maximum and will be
strongly affected by climate change. Water transfers from dams to regions with
less water availability are common (e.g. from the north to the centre in
Tunisia, Algeria). A strategy to counter water shortage now and under worsening
climate conditions is the use of non-conventional water resources (desalination
plants, treated water reuse for agriculture, particularly in Tunisia and
Algeria) and improved water efficiency (e.g. drip irrigation, notably in Morocco).
impacts of climate change, such as extreme precipitation events and more
frequent droughts and floods, are perceived as having been noticeable since the
year 2000. At the same time, water demand is expected to increase in the
future, due to population growth and a rising need for irrigation water. The
situation looks different in southern Algeria and Tunisia: in the Sahara, water
is used from the fossil aquifer SASS, which is not significantly impacted by
climate change. Therefore, in CO-MICC we will focus on the Mediterranean and
Atlantic coasts of the Maghreb, which are expected to be strongly affected by
current availability of data to experts (also from climate models) varies
widely, depending on their domain of work. So far, the use of data from
hydrological models is not widespread. Most interview partners have time frames
for their work until 2020 or 2050, only meteorological services use data until
2100. Designing perception graphs helped to summarize and visualize the content
of the interviews. Experts’ perceptions and data needs will be further
discussed in the workshop to be held in Le Mans in December.
The first project meeting with all project partners was held as a video conference in June. The main objectives included discussions on the outputs of the modelling group activities and the planning of the stakeholder workshops.